A Longitudinal study on the Emotional Support Mechanism of the Mental Health of Empty Nesters

Recent evidence from China National Health and Retirement Survey

Authors

  • Leidong Wei Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, China
  • Jun Xue Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56226/37

Keywords:

Elderly, mental health, emotional support, depression, empty nesters

Abstract

Background:

With the gradual decline of the physiological functions of elderly people, "big events" in social roles and social relations such as widowhood, retirement, disability, etc. will have a major negative impact on their mental state, make them show mental depression and other conditions, people with severe symptoms may even choose to commit suicide.

Objectives:

  1. Whether living alone or living only with a spouse is significantly related to the depression tendency of elderly people;
  2. Whether the high frequency of intergenerational meetings will alleviate the depression tendency of elderly people who live alone or only with their spouse;
  3. Whether social interaction will relieve the depression tendency of elderly people who live alone or only with their spouses;
  4. Whether there are significant urban-rural differences in the relationship between different living patterns and the depression tendency of the elderly, as well as the relationship between "visit home often", social interaction and depression tendency of the elderly.

Methods:

Taking mental depression as an example, this article uses the CHARLS data and OLS regression model to analyze the correlation between different living patterns and depression tendency in urban and rural areas, and introduce the interaction effect analysis of intergenerational meeting frequency variable "visit home often" to explain its mechanism.

Results:

The elderly people living alone or living only with a spouse do have a high tendency to depression, and the depression tendency of living alone is more obvious; “visit home often” can effectively reduce the depression tendency of elderly people living alone or living only with a spouse. Social interaction has a weaker influence on the mental depression of elderly people; The elderly people living alone or living only with a spouse in rural areas have a higher tendency to depression. And "visit home often" is more obvious to reduce the mental depression of the elderly living alone or living only with a spouse in urban areas.

Main Contribution to Evidence-Based Practice:

The article puts together the recent evidence about the effect of empty nest on depression symptom in Elderly People;compares the impact of urban-rural differences;explores the mechanism of intergenerational frequency of interaction between residential patterns and depression.

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Emotional Support image concept

Published

05-12-2022

How to Cite

Wei, L., & Xue, J. (2022). A Longitudinal study on the Emotional Support Mechanism of the Mental Health of Empty Nesters: Recent evidence from China National Health and Retirement Survey. International Healthcare Review (online). https://doi.org/10.56226/37

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