On The Economic Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic in China

Effects on the Social Security System


  • Meng Wang Henan Normal University




Covid-19, Social Security Systems, Economic impact, Unemployment, Pension insurance



The outbreak of the COVID-19 Pandemic has exposed the world to the biggest decline in economy since the Second World War. What are the most profound impacts on the economy caused by Covid-19? And what does current research reveal about worldwide economic impacts on the socical security systems? Covid-19 virus related pandemic restrictions lasted over a long time.  Negative impacts from a variety of pandemic prevention and control measures posed  great economic pressure upon health systems around the world, but also on national social security systems. This article puts together recent evidence and research results exploring the economic impacts of the Pandemic on social security systems.


The main aim of the article is to systematically explore and identify economic impacts of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the social security systems and related challenges to the sustainable development of a country or region. Thus, generating a review of knowledge to support evidence-based policy-making intervention is the fundamental objective of the article.


The rapid literature review is a form of evidence synthesis that provides timely information for decision making and evidence-based practice compared with standard systematic reviews and other types of reviews. This review used Web of Science, Proquest and CNKI as database sources. Keywords included ‘Covid-19’ ‘Social security’ and ‘Unemployment、Pension insurance’. The publications are confined from July 2021 to June 2022.


Seven publications in English and three in Chinese were identified as relevant to the objectives of this article. These were individually evaluated on the contribution to economic impact of the Covid-19 on the social security systems. The economic impact seems obvious, but it is not easy to assessment. The follow-up articles measure this effect in different ways.

Main Contribution to Evidence-Based Practice:

The article puts together recent evaluations of economic effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on social security systems to support evidence-based policy making and the international debate.


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Elise Klein | Kay Cook | Susan Maury | Kelly Bowey. An exploratory study examining the changes to Australia’s social security system during COVID-19 lockdown measures. Aust J Soc Issues. 2022,57:51–69.

Elise Klein. Understanding Covid-19 emergency social security measures as a from of basic income: Lessons from Australia. Journal of Sociology 0(0) 1–15 2022. DOI: 10.1177/14407833221106242

HAN Keqing,Risk and Response: A Case Study on Policy Assessment of theReduction and Deferment of China's Enterprise Social Security Fees after the Outbreak of the Covid-19 Pandemic. (In Chinese). Social Security Studies 2022(1): 61-68. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031589

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Wenlin GUI, Jiehui Zhao, The impact of COVID-19 on the unemployment rate in China and the United States (In Chinese). The World of Survey and Research.2021(11):15-26. DOI:10.13778/j.cnki.11-3705/c.2021.11.003

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economic impact of Covid-19



How to Cite

Wang, M. (2022). On The Economic Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic in China: Effects on the Social Security System . International Healthcare Review (online). https://doi.org/10.56226/39



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